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Surgical Technician Job Description

This is an example of a Surgical Technician job description for a reference when building your resume. Analyze the qualifications and requirements listed to get an understanding of what you need to include on your resume for what employers would look for in this field.


Surgical Technicians, also known as Surgical Technologists or Operating Room Technicians, are healthcare professionals who assist during surgical procedures. They work closely with surgeons, nurses, and other members of the surgical team to ensure a safe and efficient surgical environment.

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  • Preoperative Preparation: Set up the operating room by ensuring that all necessary equipment, instruments, and supplies are sterile, functional, and ready for use. Prepare the patient by positioning and draping them appropriately.
  • Assisting During Surgery: Assist surgeons, nurses, and other surgical team members during surgical procedures. Hand instruments and supplies to the surgeon as needed, anticipate the surgeon’s needs, and maintain a sterile field throughout the procedure.
  • Instrumentation and Equipment Handling: Select and handle surgical instruments, supplies, and equipment according to the surgeon’s preference and procedural requirements. Properly clean, sterilize, and maintain instruments and equipment.
  • Sterile Technique and Infection Control: Follow strict aseptic techniques and infection control protocols to prevent the spread of infection during surgical procedures. Maintain a sterile environment, monitor for breaches in sterility, and take appropriate corrective actions.
  • Patient Safety and Advocacy: Advocate for patient safety by monitoring vital signs, ensuring proper positioning, and maintaining patient comfort and privacy during surgery. Anticipate potential risks or complications and communicate concerns to the surgical team.
  • Documentation and Record Keeping: Accurately document surgical procedures, including supplies used, patient information, and any significant events or observations. Complete required forms, reports, and documentation in a timely manner.
  • Surgical Team Collaboration: Collaborate effectively with surgeons, nurses, anesthesiologists, and other healthcare professionals to ensure smooth workflow and effective communication during surgical procedures. Assist with transferring patients to and from the operating room.
  • Postoperative Clean-Up and Sterilization: Assist with postoperative clean-up, including proper disposal of contaminated materials, cleaning and disinfection of the operating room, and restocking of supplies and equipment.
  • Professional Development: Stay updated on advancements in surgical techniques, equipment, and safety protocols through continuing education and professional development activities. Attend trainings, workshops, and conferences to enhance knowledge and skills.


  • Education and Certification: Completion of an accredited Surgical Technology program or equivalent education and training. Some states may require Surgical Technicians to hold a certification, such as Certified Surgical Technologist (CST).
  • Surgical Knowledge and Skills: In-depth understanding of surgical procedures, instruments, and equipment used in various specialties. Familiarity with sterile techniques, surgical anatomy, and surgical instrument handling.
  • Sterile Technique and Infection Control: Proficiency in maintaining a sterile field, following aseptic techniques, and adhering to infection control protocols. Knowledge of sterilization methods and proper handling of surgical instruments and supplies.
  • Communication and Interpersonal Skills: Excellent communication skills to effectively collaborate with the surgical team, follow instructions, and provide timely and accurate information. Ability to remain calm and composed in high-stress situations.
  • Attention to Detail: Exceptional attention to detail to ensure accurate preparation, organization, and documentation during surgical procedures. Ability to anticipate needs and respond quickly to changes in the surgical environment.
  • Physical Stamina and Dexterity: Physical fitness and the ability to stand for long periods, lift and move patients, and handle surgical instruments and equipment with precision. Manual dexterity and hand-eye coordination to handle delicate instruments and perform tasks with accuracy.
  • Ethics and Professionalism: Demonstrate professionalism, integrity, and ethical conduct in all aspects of work. Adherence to professional codes of conduct and regulatory guidelines.
  • Adaptability and Teamwork: Ability to adapt to different surgical specialties, procedures, and environments. Strong teamwork and collaboration skills to work effectively with the surgical team and contribute to a positive and efficient surgical experience.

Remember that specific job descriptions for Surgical Technicians may vary depending on the healthcare setting, surgical specialty, and specific requirements. The above description provides a general overview of the responsibilities and qualifications typically associated with Surgical Technician roles.

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