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Oncology Registered Nurse Job Description

Review this Oncology Registered Nurse job description for a reference when building your resume. Review the qualifications and requirements listed to get an understanding of what you need to include on your resume for what employers would look for in this field.


An Oncology Registered Nurse is a specialized healthcare professional who provides comprehensive care to patients diagnosed with cancer. Working in hospitals, cancer treatment centers, or outpatient clinics, Oncology Nurses play a crucial role in supporting cancer patients through diagnosis, treatment, and survivorship.

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  1. Patient Assessment:
    • Conduct thorough assessments of oncology patients, including health history, physical examinations, and psychosocial evaluations.
    • Identify physical and emotional needs specific to cancer patients.
  2. Treatment Planning:
    • Collaborate with oncologists and healthcare teams to develop individualized treatment plans.
    • Educate patients and families about treatment options and potential side effects.
  3. Chemotherapy and Biotherapy Administration:
    • Administer chemotherapy, biotherapy, and immunotherapy treatments as prescribed.
    • Monitor patients for adverse reactions and provide supportive care.
  4. Symptom Management:
    • Manage cancer-related symptoms such as pain, nausea, fatigue, and neuropathy.
    • Implement evidence-based interventions for symptom control.
  5. Patient Education:
    • Provide education on cancer, treatment modalities, and potential complications.
    • Support patients in understanding and adhering to their treatment plans.
  6. Psychosocial Support:
    • Offer emotional support to patients and families facing a cancer diagnosis.
    • Facilitate support groups and connect patients with counseling services.
  7. Coordination of Care:
    • Coordinate care across various healthcare providers, including surgeons, radiation oncologists, and palliative care teams.
    • Facilitate communication among team members.
  8. Survivorship Planning:
    • Develop survivorship care plans for patients completing cancer treatment.
    • Provide guidance on post-treatment monitoring and follow-up care.
  9. Palliative and End-of-Life Care:
    • Collaborate with palliative care teams to manage symptoms and improve quality of life.
    • Support patients and families in end-of-life decision-making.
  10. Research and Education:
    • Stay updated on the latest oncology research and treatment modalities.
    • Participate in educational activities and contribute to evidence-based practice.
  11. Documentation:
    • Maintain accurate and up-to-date electronic health records (EHR) for all oncology patient encounters.
    • Document assessments, interventions, and communication with the healthcare team.


  • Bachelor’s degree in Nursing (BSN) is preferred; Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN) accepted.
  • Current and unrestricted Registered Nurse (RN) license.
  • Certification in Oncology Nursing (OCN) or relevant specialty (optional but preferred).
  • Chemotherapy and Biotherapy Administration certification (required for administering chemotherapy).
  • Strong clinical assessment and communication skills.
  • Compassion and empathy in caring for patients with cancer.
  • Ability to work collaboratively in a multidisciplinary oncology team.
  • Commitment to continuous learning and professional development.

Note: Oncology Nurse job descriptions may vary based on the specific requirements of the healthcare facility and the level of oncology services provided.

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