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Occupational Therapy

Occupational Therapist Job Description

This is an example of an Occupational Therapist job description for a reference when building your resume. Analyze the qualifications and requirements listed to get an understanding of what you need to include on your resume for what employers would look for in this field.


Occupational Therapists (OTs) are healthcare professionals who help individuals of all ages regain, develop, or enhance their ability to engage in meaningful daily activities and improve their overall quality of life. They work with individuals who have physical, cognitive, or emotional challenges that affect their functional abilities. Occupational Therapists work in various settings, including hospitals, clinics, schools, rehabilitation centers, and home healthcare.

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  • Patient Evaluation and Assessment: Conduct comprehensive assessments of patients’ physical, cognitive, sensory, and psychosocial abilities. Assess their functional limitations and barriers to participation in daily activities. Gather relevant information from medical records, interviews, and standardized assessments.
  • Treatment Planning and Implementation: Develop individualized treatment plans based on patient assessments and identified goals. Collaborate with patients, families, and other healthcare professionals to establish treatment objectives and interventions. Implement treatment strategies to improve independence, enhance skills, and promote overall well-being.
  • Therapy Interventions: Provide therapeutic interventions tailored to individual needs, which may include therapeutic exercises, sensory integration techniques, assistive device training, environmental modifications, and activities of daily living (ADL) training. Use adaptive equipment and assistive technology to enhance independence and safety.
  • Functional Skills Training: Help patients regain or develop essential skills for daily activities, such as self-care tasks (e.g., bathing, dressing, eating), home management, school or work tasks, and leisure activities. Provide training in techniques to improve strength, coordination, balance, fine motor skills, and cognitive functions.
  • Collaboration and Communication: Collaborate with interdisciplinary teams, including physicians, nurses, physical therapists, speech-language pathologists, and social workers, to ensure comprehensive patient care. Communicate effectively with patients, families, and caregivers to educate, counsel, and provide support.
  • Documentation and Record Keeping: Maintain accurate and detailed patient records, including evaluations, progress notes, treatment plans, and outcomes. Document patient response to treatment, functional improvements, and modifications to treatment plans as needed. Adhere to legal and regulatory requirements.
  • Patient Education and Home Programs: Educate patients and their families on adaptive techniques, energy conservation strategies, and safety measures to promote independence and prevent re-injury. Provide guidance on home exercise programs and recommend community resources for ongoing support.
  • Professional Development: Stay updated on advances in occupational therapy research, evidence-based practices, and industry standards through continuing education and professional development activities. Attend conferences, workshops, and seminars to enhance knowledge and skills.
  • Supervision and Mentorship: Provide supervision and mentorship to Occupational Therapy Assistants and other support staff, as applicable. Collaborate with colleagues to promote professional growth and foster a supportive and inclusive work environment.


  • Education and Licensure: Completion of a Master’s or Doctoral degree in Occupational Therapy from an accredited program. Successful completion of national certification exams and licensure requirements to practice as an Occupational Therapist.
  • Occupational Therapy Knowledge: In-depth knowledge of occupational therapy principles, theories, assessments, and interventions across different practice areas and patient populations. Familiarity with evidence-based practice and outcome measurement tools.
  • Clinical Skills: Proficiency in administering standardized assessments, evaluating functional abilities, and developing individualized treatment plans. Ability to select and modify appropriate therapeutic interventions based on patient needs and progress.
  • Communication and Interpersonal Skills: Excellent communication skills to establish rapport with patients, families, and healthcare professionals. Ability to explain complex concepts in a clear and understandable manner. Active listening skills to understand patients’ concerns and goals.
  • Empathy and Patient-Centered Care: Compassion, empathy, and cultural sensitivity to provide patient-centered care. Respect for patients’ autonomy, preferences, and cultural backgrounds.
  • Adaptability and Problem-Solving: Ability to adapt treatment plans and interventions based on patient progress, changing needs, and environmental factors. Strong problem-solving skills to address challenges and facilitate patient outcomes.
  • Time Management and Organization: Strong organizational skills to manage caseloads, prioritize responsibilities, and meet deadlines. Ability to balance multiple tasks and handle interruptions effectively.
  • Ethics and Professionalism: Demonstrate professionalism, integrity, and ethical conduct in all aspects of work. Adherence to professional codes of conduct and regulatory guidelines.

Remember that specific job descriptions may vary depending on the healthcare setting, specialization, and specific requirements. The above description provides a general overview of the responsibilities and qualifications typically associated with Occupational Therapist roles.

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