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Correctional Officer Job Description

This is an example of a Correctional Officer job description for a reference when building your resume. Analyze the qualifications and requirements listed to get an understanding of what you need to include on your resume for what employers would look for in this field.


As a Correctional Officer, you will play a critical role in maintaining the safety and security of correctional facilities while facilitating the rehabilitation and reintegration of inmates. This challenging and rewarding position requires individuals with strong interpersonal skills, sound judgment, and a commitment to upholding the law. Correctional Officers work in a dynamic environment, enforcing rules and regulations, managing inmate behavior, and ensuring the overall well-being of both staff and inmates.

Additional strategies for this can be found here.


  • Security and Surveillance:
    • Conduct routine inspections and patrols to ensure the security of the facility.
    • Monitor inmate activities, conduct searches, and respond to security breaches.
  • Inmate Supervision:
    • Enforce facility rules and regulations, maintaining order and discipline.
    • Supervise inmate activities, including work assignments, recreation, and meal times.
  • Crisis Intervention:
    • Respond to emergencies, including fights, medical incidents, and other critical situations.
    • Utilize appropriate force when necessary and in accordance with established protocols.
  • Report Writing:
    • Document incidents, maintain accurate logs, and prepare detailed reports.
    • Provide testimony in court as needed.
  • Rehabilitation and Counseling:
    • Assist in the implementation of rehabilitation programs and activities.
    • Provide support and guidance to inmates, addressing behavioral issues and promoting positive change.
  • Team Collaboration:
    • Work closely with other correctional staff, law enforcement agencies, and support services.
    • Communicate effectively with colleagues to ensure a coordinated and efficient approach to facility operations.
  • Training and Development:
    • Participate in ongoing training programs to stay current on policies, procedures, and best practices.
    • Mentor and train new correctional officers as needed.


  1. Education:
    • High school diploma or equivalent. Some positions may require a college degree in criminal justice or a related field.
  2. Experience:
    • Previous experience in law enforcement, security, or a related field is often preferred.
  3. Physical Fitness:
    • Must meet physical fitness standards and pass a physical agility test.
  4. Licensing and Certification:
    • Obtain and maintain necessary certifications and licenses, such as a valid driver’s license and state correctional officer certification.
  5. Interpersonal Skills:
    • Strong communication and interpersonal skills to interact effectively with inmates and colleagues.
  6. Ethical Standards:
    • Maintain a high level of integrity, ethical conduct, and professionalism.
  7. Background Check:
    • Pass a thorough background investigation, including criminal history and drug screening.
  8. Resilience:
    • Demonstrate resilience, adaptability, and the ability to remain calm in stressful situations.

Correctional Officers play a crucial role in the criminal justice system, contributing to public safety and the rehabilitation of offenders.

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